DESCRIPTION: Moro (Moor) Mask
CEREMONY: Danza de los Moros y Cristianos
MAIN MATERIAL: wood
OTHER MATERIALS: oil-based paint
The Danza de los Moros y Cristianos (Dance of the Moors and Christians) reenacts the reconquest of Spain by the Christians from the Muslim Saracens. The story was taught by missionaries as part of an effort to instill respect for and fear of the Spaniards in the indigenous peoples, and to convince them that the victory of Christianity over other faiths—by violence whenever necessary—was inevitable.
The dance is still performed widely in Mexico, including in Mexico State, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. Important characters include Spaniards, Moors, saints, angels, and devils. This moro is unusual in having lost an eye.